A painter who resists classification, Martin Johnson Heade (1819 –1904) was born in Lumberville, PA, where his family ran a general store. His first artistic training is believed to be with Edward Hicks, famous for his Peaceable Kingdom series of paintings. By the late 1850’s Heade had becaome friends with painters of the Hudson River School, and he began to paint landscapes. He is best known for his luminist paintings of salt marshes, and for his exotic depictions of hummingbirds and tropical flowers in jungle settings. The Memorial Art Gallery is fortunate to have examples of both in its collection.